Archaeological Sites in Gioia del Colle
Necropoli dolmenica di Masseria del Porto
In one of the most enchanting edges of Gioia del Colle from a naturalistic point of view, there is a necropolis dating back to the 2nd – 1st millennium B.C. There is evidence however for a human presence in this area even before it was used as dolmen graveyard.In fact, in one of the 33 graves we know, some ceramic fragments of Neolithic pots were found, thus witnessing, with some coeval siliceous tools (triangle and trapezoidal blades, some burins and rabbles), this anthropic presence even during the Neolithic period. Almost all the graves which have been found are “barrow graves”, just as most of the dolmen complexes in the Murgia hinterland of Bari, as well as in Salento and Gargano areas. However, there are also tunnel graves and barrow sepulchers characterized by pseudo-dolmen lithic cases or ground graves. Unfortunately, not all the sepulchers which have been examined till now, have provided enough evidence to establish their original culture exactly.
Parco Archeologico di Monte Sannace
Monte Sannace is the widest Peucetian build-up area we know. The excavations started in the mid—twentieth century but this area has been known since the 19th century and a lot of clandestine excavations have highly depauperated it. The archeological area is in open country, about 5km from Gioia del Colle in Putignano – Egnatia bound, along the path called “Cavallerizza”. The built-up area is nameless, perhaps it should be identified with the town of Thuriae, mentioned by sources as a Messapian town. The area is surrounded by four concentric wall circuits. The first wall circuit surrounds the Acropolis and dates back to the second half of the 4th century B.C. Its coeval circuit is provided with a door and surrounds the build-up area towards the valley. It shows also some Greek building techniques. The third and the fourth circuits date back to the early 3rd century B.C. The first one reinforces the Acropolis, while the other surrounds all the build-up area, including a surface which is even wider than the actual town. Inside the walls, in fact, there were some non-urban areas which were used by country people and animals in case of war and even designed for farming in case of long sieges. As to the funerary custom, the Necropolis areas are all extra urban and keep graves which date back to the mid-seventh century, but holding even older objects such as Greek tableware of the mid-8th century B.C. However, following the Apulia funerary custom, there are also burial places inside the walls or even in the house gardens, between two houses in case of adult people, and under the house floor in case of children.
- € 2,00
- Str. Prov. Turi Putignano - Gioia del Colle